ELMO under palm trees
in Central America.

On a round-the-world trip with the Unimog expedition vehicle – Part 4.

Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. We have already accompanied Team ELMO ten thousands of kilometres on their journey around the world. The last time we heard from Sonja, Dirk and ELMO, their Unimog U 1450 L, they were in the USA. And in Central America too, Dirk who has already travelled through more than 100 countries in his lifetime and Sonja who shares his enthusiasm for travel, have many experiences to report.

Hi, you two! Nice to hear from you. From Florida you travelled along the Gulf Coast of the USA to Texas where you visited friends. Where did you go from there?

Dirk: We went to Mexico – which everyone had warned us about.

Sonja: And it was indeed strange to start with. Almost as soon as we crossed the border at Matamoros, the first converted military pickups came towards us – with protective bars and machine guns on top.

Sonja: In addition to the military, we also made the acquaintance of extreme speed bumps. 

Dirk: Sometimes they can be 30 to 35 centimetres high. And if you overlook one at 60 km/h, then it tears you apart – and that means literally.

Sonja: We saw photos of a car with a camper body that had simply broken apart in the middle. But ELMO endured it well.

Also you met your new "passengers" in Mexico, didn't you?

Dirk: That's right, we learned the hard way that ants can occupy an entire vehicle within 24 hours. The problem is that once ants have moved in, it's very difficult to convince them to leave the vehicle body again.

Central America is just as famous for its colourful streets...
...as for impressive temple complexes built by the Mayas. Like here in Mexico...
...and here in Guatemala.
The historic towns were a special highlight for Sonja in particular – which is no surprise with such great impressions.
But for Team ELMO long, fantastic beaches are just as important to the journey.
ELMO doesn't have a panoramic rear window for nothing.
And when the sun isn't shining, Team ELMO treats itself to a film in the Unimog vehicle's own cinema.
Central America is just as famous for its colourful streets...
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Ants and the military – did you experience any positive highlights in Mexico?

Dirk: We looked at almost all of the pyramids in Mexico. Until we couldn't look any longer. (laughs) We only left out Machu Picchu in Peru, because usually it's not that great to go where everybody else goes – at least that's our experience. We saw great, smaller ruins elsewhere– and wandered around them alone.

You left Mexico quite a while ago. What happened next?

Sonja: Belize. Mind you, we left again pretty quickly. Because it was the rainy season, we couldn't visit the beaches and national parks.

On the Panamericana – always southward.

Then, came Guatemala?

Sonja: Yes. And Guatemala is beautiful..

Dirk: We visited Tikal there, for example.

Sonja: It is the largest and most important Maya cultural site in Guatemala and is really well-maintained and cared for. You stand at the top of one of the pyramids, above the tree-tops in the middle of the jungle and the surrounding temples look out between the trees. A fascinating scene!

Dirk: In Guatemala, by the way, we joined the famous Panamericana for the first time – the road that connects South, Central and North America. For me that had to be part of the trip. And it took us to Honduras.

What did you discover there?

Sonja: In Honduras we travelled along the CA5 for quite a while. That is a main highway where you feel as if this is where life really takes place. People live along the road in their huts to trade there. You can buy the works – fruit, meat, vegetables.

Dirk: On the CA5 we drove over a pass for the first time that went 50 kilometres up and then 30 kilometres down. It took us a whole day. You can only descend in third gear and you can't really use the brakes because otherwise they would get hot. So you go slowly and that takes ages. And ages. You learn all about smooth, relaxed driving.

Tips for Overland travellers in Central America.

Travelling through Nicaragua was fast in comparison, wasn't it?

Sonja: Yes, we were only in Nicaragua for two nights, although we had a visa for four days. We just wanted to drive through. 

What were your experiences at the borders in Central America?

Sonja: Queues of trucks. Up to seven kilometres long. Of course, you drive past them, but it still usually takes two or three hours to get through. Copies have to be made and forms filled out. You have to find out for yourself where to get hold of a copy there.

On a round-the-world trip with the Unimog expedition vehicle – Part 1.

Dirk: For something like that, I just stand somewhere in the middle of everything and shout for help. Then everyone comes running: "What's wrong?" – "Well, I need a copy".

Sonja: One important tip is definitely to check all of your documents thoroughly – even if people get annoyed. 

Dirk: If something is wrong with the documents, they might just send you back to the border that you crossed to enter the country. We have now crossed 45 borders, by the way. But back to the route: after Nicaragua we went to Costa Rica.

The favourite holiday destination for Americans in the region and as a result expensive, right?

Dirk: Exactly, the land is very Americanised and in comparison to Nicaragua very expensive. On the other hand the roads are very good.

Sonja: Costa Rica is also very beautiful: There are some very lovely beaches – despite the rainy season.

And after that we drove to Panama.

New oil for the reduction gearbox.

...your last stop in Central America.

Dirk: Exactly. There I changed the oil for the reduction gearbox on ELMO. I had so much abrasion residue on the magnetic screw on the rear right-hand side that I panicked a little. So I took a photo of it and sent it to my good friend Alexander who gave me some professional advice. He said that there were no fragments, just normal abrasion. I should just leave it for the time being and not open it. So now we change the oil in the reduction gearbox on the rear right-hand side every 1500 kilometres.

In Panama Dirk changed the oil in ELMO's reduction gearbox.
To do that the wheels have to be removed first.
And as you finally have access; you clean everything...
...and don't forget the wheels.
And then that moment of shock: abrasion residue on the magnet screw on the rear right-hand side.
Luckily no fragments! That means an oil change for the reduction gearbox every 1500 km as of now.
In Panama Dirk changed the oil in ELMO's reduction gearbox.
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From Colon via the Panama Canal in the direction of South America.

Despite everything you managed to get to and onto the Canal.

Dirk: Yes, we were able to park ELMO in Colon at a police station and then stay there overnight with a direct view of the Canal. That was great. Ships sail through there with thousands of containers. It takes 24 hours to pass through and can cost up to 250,000 dollars for a ship like that. Only 50 ships can pass through a day.

Dirk: We brought ELMO to the port in Colon. Two days later we then took the train through the deepest jungle to Panama City from where our plane was due to take off. This route between Colon and Panama City was once part of the most important link from the east of the USA to the west when there were no proper roads there. As a consequence this train that exuded a little of the charm of the Orient Express à la Agatha Christie was very important. That was a really nice.

Sonja: At this point, however, we didn't know that on ELMO's ship vehicles were being broken into. All we knew was that anything can happen on that route, but we'll tell you about that next time...

We're looking forward to hearing about your experiences in South America.

Time out for Team ELMO.

Team ELMO is currently in South America. In Uruguay, Sonja and Dirk have good friends with whom they will spend the coming days and weeks – safe and sound. The two also use the break to take care of the Unimog. Dirk has just changed gear and axle oil again.

On its Facebook page , Team ELMO keeps all fans of the off-roader up to date.

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